9-11 Nov 2021 / The Hague & online

Photos and Report of 2021 Conference on Cyber Norms


From 9-11 November 2021, we organized our fourth annual conference, Governing through Crisis: Conflict, crises and the politics of cyberspace. We were joined in-person and virtually by speakers and participants from across the world, for three days filled with three keynotes and 26 presentations during the panel sessions.

Frédérick Douzet

The conference was opened by a keynote from Frédérick Douzet, Professor of Geopolitics at the French Institute of Geopolitics (University of Paris 8) and director of the Center Geopolitics of the Datasphere (GEODE). Her keynote focused on her research on data routing and the consequences of the shrinking of the internet. Panel sessions of day one focused on International Law and Cyberspace: New Conundrums and Great Power Perspectives: Sovereignty, Norms and Attribution.

Panel on Emerging Cyber Orders

The second day started with panels on Emerging Cyber Orders: Nations, Regions, and Peripheries, Virtual Crises: Managing Breakdowns and Cyber Arms Control: Incentives and Challenges. The day ended with a keynote by Jon Lindsay, Associate Professor at the School of Cybersecurity and Privacy  and Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), on Anarchy within Order: The Political Logic of Deception.

Jon Lindsay

The final day started with a museum visit for the in-person participants, followed by panels on European Cybersecurity: Redefining Sovereignty and The Covid Pandemic: Lessons and Challenges for Cyber Stability. The closing keynote was given by Herb Lin, Senior research scholar for cyber policy and security at the Center for International Security and Cooperation and Hank J. Holland Fellow in Cyber Policy and Security at the Hoover Institution, both at Stanford University, on Some Unanswered Questions in the Development of Norms Regarding Cyber-Enabled Disinformation: A Provocation.

Best paper winner Heajune Lee

Finally, the best paper award was awarded during the closing of the conference by Dennis Broeders, Senior Fellow of The Hague Program for Cyber Norms and Full Professor of Global Security and Technology at Leiden University. Heajune Lee, Program Coordinator at the Technology and International Affairs Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, was awarded for her paper on “Public Attribution as Subject and Source of Cyber Norms”. She won a ticket, travel & accommodation to next year’s edition of our conference.

Conference in pictures

To stay informed of our next conference on cyber norms and other activities, you can subscribe to our newsletter here. More photos can be found on our online gallery - when reposting/resharing any pictures, please link back to our website: www.thehaguecybernorms.nl.