We publish policy briefs and edited collections of short papers on new developments and issues in the field of international cyber security (The Hague Program Publications). Our researchers also regularly publish their work in journals and scholarly books and edited volumes.
Article by Dennis Broeders and Arun Sukumar in Policy & Internet, on how norms and international law are still ill-equipped to regulate damaging cyber operations, given unsettled questions regarding the sovereignty of states over global Internet infrastructure, and the precise scope of their existing international obligations towards its protection.
Article by Arun Sukumar, Dennis Broeders and Monica Kello in Contemporary Security Policy.
This forum in the Journal of Cyber Policy, based on our February 2022 event on knowledge production, features contributions by James Shires, Tobias Liebetrau, Dennis Broeders, Myriam Dunn Cavelty, Noran Shafik Fouad, Louise Marie Hurel, Tim Stevens, and edited by Fabio Cristiano and Xymena Kurowska
This special issue in Contemporary Security Policy collects some of the best papers from our 2022 annual conference, and features contributions by Josephine Wolff, Mark Raymond, Justin Sherman, André Barrinha, Rebecca Turner, James Shires, Arun Sukumar, Dennis Broeders and Monica Kello.
This paper about cyber intelligence in the context of national and international security builds on the discussion held during a Research Seminar organised by Dennis Broeders and Camino Kavanagh for the EU Cyber Direct project on 3 November 2022.
Edited volume, available open access, edited by Ian Johnstone, Arun Sukumar, and Joel Trachtman, providing a much-needed study on cybersecurity regime building, this comprehensive book is a detailed analysis of cybersecurity norm-making processes and country positions, through the lens of multi-stakeholder diplomacy.
Edited volume of papers from our 2020 Conference on Cyber Norms, edited by Fabio Cristiano and Bibi van den Berg, with contributions on the themes of emerging normative practices, emerging threats and technologies and emerging actors, available completely open access.
Dennis Broeders, together with co-authors Bernardus Jansen, Natalia Kadenko, Michel van Eeten, Kevin Borgolte and Tobias Fiebig, published an article in Government Information Quarterly on digital sovereignty, investigating to which extent government services and communication with citizens relies on infrastructure outside their own jurisdiction for India, the Netherlands, Pakistan, Taiwan, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom.
This edited volume draws from papers presented at the conference Closing the Gap | Responsibility in Cyberspace: Narratives and Practice, organized in June 2022 at the Egmont Palace in Brussels, Belgium, by Leiden University, as part of the EU Cyber Direct project, and was edited by François Delerue, Arun Sukumar and Dennis Broeders.
Our edited volume Artificial Intelligence and International Conflict in Cyberspace, a collaboration with GÉODE, and edited by Fabio Cristiano, Dennis Broeders, François Delerue, Frédérick Douzet and Aude Géry is out now, in open access.
Taylor Grossman, Monica Kaminska, James Shires and Max Smeets co-authored this ECCRI report on wartime cyber dimensions in Ukraine.
Dennis Broeders, Fabio Cristiano and Monica Kaminska published an article (available open access) in the Journal of Common Market Studies. Their article analyses the recent use of European Union (EU) terminology of digital sovereignty and strategic autonomy, aiming to identify tensions between policy considerations of fundamental rights, free market principles and geopolitical concerns.
This publication, edited by Senior Fellow Dennis Broeders, collects the results of our research seminar co-organized with EU Cyber Direct on digital sovereignty, with contributions by our research team member Monica Kaminska, Raluca Csernatoni, Kristina Irion, Giorgio Monti, Margarita Robles-Carrillo, Simona Soare and Paul Timmers.
Dennis Broeders, Els De Busser, Fabio Cristiano and Tatiana Tropina published an article (available open access) in Journal of Cyber Policy. Their premise: would older cyber operations, in light of new thinking on international law and norms of responsible state behaviour, be viewed differently if they happened today?
This collection, edited by Sophie Vériter, Monica Kaminska, Dennis Broeders and Joachim Koops, includes six papers exploring and investigating European responses to COVID-related disinformation, specifically the responses of France, Sweden, Germany, the United Kingdom, Serbia, and Hungary.
Chapter by Fabio Cristiano and Emilio Distretti for the volume The Aesthetics and Politics of the Online Self, edited by Donatella Della Ratta, Geert Lovink, Teresa Numerico, and Peter Sarram for Palgrave Macmillan.
Article by Dennis Broeders, Fabio Cristiano and Daan Weggemans in Studies of Conflict & Terrorism
Monica Kaminska, Dennis Broeders and Fabio Cristiano have contributed a chapter to the proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Cyber Conflict (CyCon 2021)
Article by Dennis Broeders in the Journal of Cyber Policy
Article by Dennis Broeders as part of a special issue for Journal of Cybersecurity.
Article by Monica Kaminska as part of a special issue for Journal of Cybersecurity.
Article by Bassant Hassib and James Shires as part of a special issue for Journal of Cybersecurity
Chapter on Palestine for the Routledge Companion to Global Cyber-Security Strategy by Fabio Cristiano.
Chapter on Israel for the Routledge Companion to Global Cyber-Security Strategy by Fabio Cristiano.
This collection, edited by Fabio Cristiano, Dennis Broeders and Daan Weggemans, includes six short policy-focused contributions exploring how legislation and policy on counter cyber terrorism unfold at the national level in the United States, the United Kingdom, China, Russia, France, and at the regional level of the European Union.
This edited volume is based on a selection of papers presented during The Hague Program for Cyber Norms' inaugural conference Novel Horizons: Responsible Behaviour in Cyberspace from 5-7 November 2018 in The Hague. The volume is edited by Dennis Broeders and Bibi van den Berg, and will be available on 16 July under open access via Rowman & Littlefield.
In this policy brief, Dennis Broeders, Els De Busser and Patryk Pawlak discuss attribution of in cyberspace from three different perspectives: criminal law, international law and policy. Published together with EU Cyber Direct.
Journal article by Fabio Cristiano for CyberOrient.
In this policy brief, Przemysław Roguski offers a comparative analysis of seven States on how international law applies to cyber operations.
Dennis Broeders wrote an essay for Digital Debates, a publication accompanying the 2019 CyFy conference in India, highlighting three developments that are vital for the development for the international debate about internet governance and cyber diplomacy.
In this policy brief, Dennis Broeders, Liisi Adamson and Rogier Creemers explore aspects of the relationship between China and Russia in cyberspace.
Journal article by Ilina Georgieva for the journal Contemporary Security Policy.
In this policy brief, Dennis Broeders, Sergei Boeke and Ilina Georgieva explore the role of intelligence agencies in cyberspace and the (im)possibilities of oversight and regulation of those agencies.
Journal article by Liisi Adamson and Zine Homburger for the journal European Foreign Affairs Review.
Paper by Zine Homburger in EU Cyber Direct’s Research Focus series.
Journal article by Zine Homburger for the journal Global Society.
Journal article by Zine Homburger for the Temple International & Comparative Law Review.
Journal article by Sergei Boeke and Dennis Broeders in the journal Survival.
Voluntary, Non-Binding Norms for Responsible State Behaviour in the Use of Information and Communications Technology: A Commentary.
In June 2016, Leiden University’s The Hague Program for Cyber Norms, a research platform to investigate the development and implementation of law and policy applicable to uses of ICT, launched a global open consultation on how to implement the UN Group of Governmental Experts’ (UN GGE) recommendations on responsible State behaviour in cyberspace.